Research continues on effective economical alternatives that are also less energy intensive. These include mixing fine tails with overburden and accelerated dewatering. Also referred to as rim ditching, accelerated dewatering is based on methods used in the Florida phosphate industry. It involves depositing fine tailings in a shallow containment structure and removing the water from the surface as it is released. Initial tests have shown a reduction in FFT volume by 50% in three to five years. Further study continues on a larger scale.
Additionally, we work collaboratively with other operators through Canada's Oil Sands Innovation Alliance (COSIA) . Through this group, we are sharing the results from our past efforts and cooperating on research and development activities going forward.